Popular Summary of the Nonlocal Vacuum Paper
My paper, "Nonlocal Vacuum: A Door to New Physics", presents a novel cosmological model, called the Horizon Model, that proposes that the event horizon of a
white hole is the source of the observable universe. This informationtheoretic model is based on the assertion of the theoretical
physicist John Archibald Wheeler that the most fundamental element of reality is information (“it from bit”). The singularity at
the center of the white hole is the source of tiny quantum bits of binary probability (qubits) that make up the vacuum, which is the
interior of the expanding white hole. Time does not exist inside the vacuum so it is nonlocal (causality does not apply) and all the
qubits are quantum entangled.
The energy density of the vacuum decreases with the number of qubits it contains. The model is tied to observation by calculating the
number of qubits required for the vacuum to have about the same energy density as the observable universe. Comparing this with estimates
made elsewhere of the number of bits (entropy) in the observable universe, the model finds there to be an enormous number of nonlocal
qubits (ten thousand trillion) for every bit of local reality on the horizon. This leads to the prediction that the white hole horizon
had instantaneously inflated to a nonlocal size of 10
^{26} m before local spacetime expansion began. This is in agreement with the adhoc
theory of cosmic inflation required to explain features of the observed cosmic microwave background.
The model introduces a new cosmological parameter, P, the ratio of the vacuum energy density to the local energy density. Variations in
P can resolve a discrepancy in observations of the rate of spacetime expansion representative of the state of the universe at early times
and at a time some 800 million years later (the Hubble tension).
New physics associated with the model includes the study of dark energy as the nonlocal energy driving the expansion of the white hole.
Another new challenge is to understand how an enormous network of entangled qubits can give rise to a single bit of spacetime on the
vacuum horizon. New physics will also be required to understand how P can depend on the local entropy (time). The new physics required by
the model can be captured by extending Wheeler’s aphorism to be: “it from bit from qubits”.

A schematic of the Horizon Model. 
The Model predicts that space had instantaneously inflated to a size
of ~ 10^{26}m before time (spacetime) began. 
What follows is a newspaper style announcement of the (possible) publication of my paper.
Behind the Horizon: The Invisible Vacuum and the Birth of Spacetime
A revolutionary new theory has emerged that challenges our understanding of the universe's origins. Instead of the traditional Big Bang model, this theory
proposes a white hole universe where information rather than energy, is the fundamental building block of reality. This groundbreaking idea introduces the
concept of a nonlocal vacuum, where time does not exist and information, in the form of quantum bits of probability, or qubits, are entangled.
Unlike the traditional Big Bang theory, this new model posits that the event horizon of a white hole is the true source of the observable
universe. As the white hole expands, its interior—the vacuum—is filled with entangled qubits, forming a vast network of information.
This informationtheoretic approach is grounded in John Archibald Wheeler's assertion that information is the most fundamental
element of reality (“it from bit”).
One of the most fascinating aspects of this new model, called the Horizon Model, is its alignment with the theory of cosmic inflation. By calculating the
number of qubits required for the vacuum to have roughly the same energy density as the observable universe, the model predicts
an instantaneous inflation of the white hole horizon to a nonlocal size of 10
^{26} meters before cosmic expansion began.
This remarkable finding offers a potential explanation for the widely accepted theory of cosmic inflation, which has long been
invoked to account for certain features of the observed cosmic microwave background.
Another significant aspect of this new model is its potential to resolve the longstanding Hubble tension. By introducing a new
cosmological parameter, P—the ratio of the vacuum energy density to the local energy density—this model offers a fresh perspective
on the discrepancy in observations of the universe's expansion rate at different points in time. Variations in P could provide a
more unified understanding of the universe's evolution.
Moreover, this novel model also offers a unique perspective on the enigmatic force known as dark energy as the nonlocal energy
that is driving the expansion of the white hole. Developing the physics of the nonlocal vacuum offers a promising path forward
in our ongoing quest to unlock the mysteries of the cosmos.
Publication status
The paper was submitted today (May 14, 2004) for possible publication in the journal
Physical Review D, a very prestigious physics journal
specializing in elementary particle physics, field theory, gravitation, cosmology, and astrophysics
Physical Review D has rejected the paper on the grounds that it is not suitable for their journal. They said they make no judgment about
the quality of the work and recommended that I seek publication in a more specialized journal. I, with the help of
the Inflection Company's AI bot called Pi, am doing a journal search to find a journal that is a good match for my paper. (May 20, 2024)
The journal search has turned up a number of potentially suitable journals for my paper. The paper has been rewritten in a style suitable for publication
in the Springer Press journal
Foundations of Physics and will be submitted to the editors in the next few days. (May 22, 2024).
Foundations of Physics has accepted my paper for publication pending peer review. At Last!! (May 25, 2024). The paper went under peer review by
Foundations of Physics on June 9, 2024.
.
I presented a 10 minute talk on April 25, 2023 at the Virtual April Meeting of the American Physical Society in a session entitled
"Cosmology and the CMB". The talk is entitled "The Nonlocal Vacuum, A Framework for New Physics" and presents the essence of the Horizon Model.
Copyright © 2009  2022 Roger E. Hill. All rights reserved.
Contact: roger.hill.nm@gmail.com