Welcome to Roger's Site.
I am an experimental physicist (Ph.D, UC Berkeley, 1964) retired from active employment
but still trying to make sense out of what I have learned and continue to learn
from the discoveries of science and from personal spiritual experience.
I began this website almost a decade ago with those words and have used the website to document (to some extent) my
progress toward making sense of things. I am 83 years old now (March 2019) and it is time that I stop and summarize
and share what I have learned. My present understanding of the physical world is embodied in a scientific paper
that I am planning to submit for peer review and publication in one of the physics journals.
The title of the article is "The Horizon Model of Physical Reality: A Cosmology that Includes the Non-local Reality of Quantum Entanglement as the Source of Spacetime"
The article is a game-changer. It extends the present paradigms of physics to include the existence of the non-local reality
revealed by the recent experiments in quantum entanglement. The model explains non-local reality as a timeless expanse of pure
space that is surrounded by an horizon
that is the actual source of spacetime (not the point-like singularity of the Big Bang). The model is an information-theoretic model
that sees the non-local region as full of spatial qubits of pure probability. As the local universe expands, the non-local reality
is kept full of qubits by the Big Bang singularity that simply expands from a point to fill all the space underneath spacetime. (It does so with infinite
"velocity" because there is no time in the non-local region.) In this picture, the Big Bang behaves logically like a white hole. The model (HM) using existing
data on the total amount of information/entropy in the observable universe, predicts an expansion of space before time began that is in exact agreement with a
theory of inflation that cosmologists have theorized as a way to explain the observed homogeneity of the Cosmic Microwave Background.
The model provides many new insights that lead to exciting things like a plausible explanation for why "dark matter" is "dark". In this model "dark energy" does not result
from the action of a cosmological constant (Λ) in Einstein's field equations but is seen as "new spacetime" (gravitons?) emerging from the expanding white hole event horizon.
Since Λ = 0 in HM, the model eliminates the cosmological constant problem that plagues the the current cosmological paradigm.
Since I am not a member of the old boys (and girls) club of theoretical physics, I am not sure how all this will be received. I think my ego has to be prepared for it to simply be ignored.
If I am granted the time, I would like to accompany this article with what I have learned about consciousness in an article that might be called "A Metaphysical Model of Consciousness".
This would draw on the physical model as a metaphor for explaining how our consciousness has a local reality existing between our individual horizons of birth and death as well as a timeless existence in a
reality of complete oneness and universality.
If there is still enough time I would like to accompany these by a "Spiritual Model of Existence" that deals with the meaning and purpose of our existence. This might be found in the networking and evolution
of human consciousness in the timeless region of oneness along the lines of the evolution of the noösphere proposed by Teilhard de Chardin. This would describe the singularity of our Creator as the source of
consciousness as well as life itself arising from the non-local world of oneness and universality. To preserve this oneness, the aspects of the Creator would all all have to be able to co-inhere as a single dynamic.
My personal choice for these aspects would be: 1) Life/Awareness itself; 2) the Truth/Beauty of our local world that we seek and find in our art and scientifically comprehend in the laws of nature; and 3) Love that motivates the
higher nature of humanity. The new darshan that I have made feeble attempts at developing sees the Divinity as the co-inherence of these aspects in the Spirit I call "The One". It is humbling and yet feels immensely right that
after all my seeking I return to the simple and ancient understanding that the Divinity is Love itself. The presence of Divinity in the world can be found where Love exists and the absence of Divinity in the world can be
seen in the hells of hatred (Allepo comes to mind). The essence of consciousness is choice. Quantum Mechanics with its Heisenberg uncertainty establishes that free will choices exist. The existence of hatred and hell in
our world is because the essence of Divine Love is freedom and that freedom extends to
the freedom to turn away from our higher nature and our back on Divinity. These are the ideas I would hope to share in a "Spiritual Model of Existence."
I return now to the original words that introduced this website.
Part of the process that led to this website was my interest in re-examining my
own understanding of quantum mechanics and the nature of spacetime. Some of the
writings that accompanied this fruitful re-examination, written with the liberal
arts students in my family in mind, form the basis of the
on the site.
Other essays on the Reflections
pages deal with discoveries and ideas from other areas of modern
science and speculation about the metaphysical and spiritual implications of these
ideas. In the course of writing these essays it became clear that I am attempting
to develop a science based rational world view that incorporates the possibility
that the Big Bang that gave rise to our Cosmos was a conscious act of creation.
And, furthermore, that the growth of consciousness resulting from awareness is a
discernible purpose of human evolution.
The development of such a world view leads inexorably to a confrontation with conventional
Theology. My scientific bias is that, just as there is an observable objective truth
about the nature of the physical world, there is a single truth about the nature
of the Creator. The world view being developed in these essays searches for unifying
truths from the theologies supporting scriptural based religions. It seems that
the divisiveness of these religions stems from their acceptance of long standing
notions of duality.
The theological concept of co-inherence
(following Charles Williams(1886-1945))
provides an alternative to dualistic narratives and forms the basis of the spiritual
component of the world view espoused in these essays. This is a spirituality of
unification and I believe it is fully compatible with the core truths of the world's
major religions and wisdom traditions. It also bears a striking resemblance to concepts
developed by theoretical physicists to explain the experimental phenomenon of quantum
and resolve the paradoxes of quantum mechanics.
One of the new sciences that have been most fascinating to me is the field of Complexity
Science, a field born with the modern computer. This is of natural interest to me
since much of the work I have done in experimental physics has involved the use
of computers for data acquisition and analysis and for the numerical simulation
of physical processes. Which is precisely how research in Complexity Science is
conducted. I have written a brief introduction to Complexity Science that you can
find below on this webpage.
I began my personal research in Complexity Science by writing two computer programs
that deepened my knowledge of fractals and what are called "cellular automata (CA)."
Acting under the influence of the artists in my family, these programs include provisions
for producing amazingly beautiful patterns in fully programmable coloring schemes
that can be downloaded or printed as pieces of art. The first program, called FaceOfInfinity
explores the fractals bounding the
Mandelbrot set of complex numbers. I have used this program to produce a set of
six video clips
available on the website that are colorful
flights into the infinite with sound tracks of contemporary music.
The second program is called CAPM
Automata Pattern Maker). It can be used to create 1 dimensional (1D) and 2D cellular
automata identified by the codes defined by Stephen Wolfram. Again, the color palettes
and sequencing are fully programmable by the user and the created patterns can be
printed. There is a sample gallery of complexity art
created by these two programs on the website. I hope you will enjoy experimenting
with these two programs ( FOI
) and creating your own art pieces.
My professional career
, spanning more than 50 years, has
brought an amazing richness of experience that I hope will be an inspiration to
any young person considering a career in physics.
The story of my life
might be surprising to anyone who thinks
the personal life of a scientist might somehow be remote and disconnected from the
passions, struggles and pleasures of their own life.
Among the things I'm still trying to make sense of is my own existence and life.
And, it's not just scientific sense I seek but something much deeper: the sense
of the human heart. My poetic writings that mark this seeking are written in the
language of the heart. I call these writings Waypoints.
I have recently (December, 2013) begun writing a series of articles for
. This is an online journal of discovery, facts and opinions related
to current affairs and to my explorations into the integration of modern science and
Thanks for your visit. I hope you have time to hang out with me for awhile, but,
if not, know that I honor the curiosity that has brought you here. Namaste
Introducing the world of Complexity Science
Complexity Science is the study of complex patterns or behavior that emerge in a
collective as a result of each of the individuals within the collective following
a simple procedure or obeying a simple set of rules. Examples of some of the collectives
that have been studied by practitioners of complexity science are: insects in a
swarm; birds in a flock; traffic moving in a freeway system or along evacuation
routes; investors in a market; fire spreading in a forest; disease spreading in
a population; or, cells of fluids moving in structures. The list of
is almost endless.
But all of the studies involve computer simulations that apply the procedures or
rules to the individuals and visually display the patterns or behaviors that emerge
in the collective. This type of computer simulation is sometimes referred to as
Agent Based Modeling (ABM) where the individuals are identified here as "agents".
So the basic tools of complexity science are a modern computer and the simulation
software that program it to apply the procedures or rules to the individuals and
visually display the patterns or behavior that emerge in the collective.
There is a free and open source development platform for creating the software models
required for ABM. It is called NetLogo
and was first created in 1999 by
Uri Wilensky at the Center for Connected Learning and Computer-Based Modeling (CCL),
then at Tufts University. In 2000, the CCL moved to Northwestern University where
has been nurtured and developed ever since. I find NetLogo
easy to use with adequate documentation and a user's forum for additional support.
The coding is efficient and the user developed models run very fast with fine graphical
displays of the collective behavior and capabilities for plotting numerical results.
comes with an extensive built-in library of working simulation
models from a wide variety of applications. This model library provides an excellent
overview and intoduction to the many facets of Complexity Science. If you're
interested in trying out NetLogo
for yourself, you can download it free
an interesting and helpful book (Complexity: A Guided Tour
, Oxford University
Press USA, 2009) that provides a very good introduction to Complexity Science. The
book includes a description of some of her work with genetic algorithms (computer
procedures that use feedback and randomness to perfect themselves). This is a powerful
technique for studying adaptation in Complex Adaptive Systems. I find particularly
interesting work being done using genetic algorithms to study problems like the
role of cooperation in biological evolution.
In February, 2013, the Santa Fe Institute began offering an online course (MOOC)
taught by Melanie Mitchell called
. This is an excellent introduction to Complexity and
the course shows how to use NetLogo to create models for simulating various kinds
of complex systems. I have taken this course and found it to be both interesting
and enjoyable. If you're interested in NetLogo, this is a great place to start.